Komisja ITRE przyjęła sprawozdanie Horizon Europe


Poprawki do Horizon Europe:

* kwestia zarządzania programem i współpracy

– The implementation of Horizon Europe is steered by an inclusive and transparent strategic planning process of the research and innovation activities funded by the Programme.

– The Strategic Planning process shall lead to the implementation of Horizon Europe’s programme-level objectives thereby defining the funding priorities. It will provide focus on impact for the Programme and coherence between its different pillars, as well as synergy with other EU programmes and support to and from other EU policies. The strategic planning process and the adoption of the strategic R&I plan through a delegated act shall increase ownership and understanding for the purpose of the programme by a wider public and will allow the co-legislators, stakeholders and Member States to be fully informed on the envisaged initiatives. The Strategic Planning will help to develop and implement policy for the relevant areas covered, at EU level as well as complementing policies in the Member States. It will allow simplification of the funding landscape, avoid duplication and overlaps between funding possibilities and promote faster dissemination and uptake of research and innovation results.

In order to respond to these objectives, the Commission will launch an open consultation phase with Member States, the European Parliament, stakeholders, including civil society organisations, about the strategic priorities including missions, under the Global Challenges and European Industrial Competitiveness pillar, and the suitable types of instruments, in particular the European partnerships. All partnerships and missions or any other strategic new initiative shall be identified in this Strategic R&I Plan before being implemented in work programmes.

– As regards European partnerships, the Strategic R&I Plan will outline and give the rationale for the creation, merge and phasing out of the European partnerships. All well-established partnerships, such as the Joint Technology Initiatives, will be considered for continuation beyond 2020 due to their added-value in bringing and leveraging private investment and contribution to synergies of funds (i.e. Clean Sky has signed partnerships with 17 Member States and regions around Europe). As in Horizon 2020, proposals for Joint Undertakings will be presented as Council Regulations.

On-going and new KICs will be defined in the legislative proposal for a Decision of the European Parliament and the Council on the EIT Strategic Innovation Agenda. Nevertheless, the creation of any new KIC should entail additional and adequate budgetary resources, not to undermine the objectives and the commitments of the existing KICs. ‚FET Flagships’ supported under Horizon (currently Graphene Flagship, Human Brain Project, Quantum Flagship) will continue to be supported under the Programme. As they present substantial analogies with missions, other ‚FET flagships’, if any, maybe be supported under this Framework Programme as missions geared towards future and emerging technologies. The missions should strengthen the collaborative aspects of the Programme and reinforce existing European partnerships, which could work as supporting implementation pillars of the missions. The missions will have technological and societal elements and will be defined in close cooperation with all relevant DGs.

– The Commission shall ensure close cooperation between EIT KICs the wider Framework Programme

– Increase the collaboration of all types of innovators, in particular between start-ups, SMEs and larger companies, creating new ecosystems. The role, expertise and fruitful experience of the EIT and KICs in establishing such ecosystems shall be promoted and supported, given their structural partnership with stakeholders at different EU regional and local levels.

– Support to the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) and Knowledge and Innovation Communities (KICs). The EIT is Europe’s largest integrated innovation ecosystem, with over 1,000 excellent partners from business, research and education and beyond. The EIT’s innovation model, carried out by the KICs, works and remains particularly relevant in removing barriers to innovation at Member State and regional level. They shall also benefit from additional funding allowing efficient realisation of this goal.

– As Europe’s largest innovation network, the EIT will play an important role in the development of such ecosystems and in the implementation of this priority. The EIT connects national and regional innovation ecosystems via its Innovation Communities (KICs). They make the case for desired interregional cooperation by linking innovation ecosystems on a pan-European scale. KICs should therefore be used as the basis for the further development of the ecosystems, especially in the fields covered by the activity of the KICs.The latter shall benefit in such cases from an additional and adequate funding allowing the efficient implementation of this goal.

* kwestia zdowia

– Digital health solutions has created many opportunities to solve the problems of care services and to address the other emerging issues of ageing society. Digital devices and software have been developed to diagnose and treat illness and chronic disease, facilitate the self-management of chronic diseases and help people monitor their bodily functions and activities. Digital technologies are increasingly used in medical training and education and for patients and other healthcare consumers to access, share and create health information.

– The Commission shall support a necessity for improving patient adherence model which is based on the most stable findings from meta-analyses and large-scale empirical studies, reflects the realities of medical practice and offers recommendations for assessing and enhancing patient adherence, particularly in chronic disease management. The adherence model is a key modern factor for measuring the efficiency and effectiveness of the healthcare systems

– Healthcare professionals and a patient-centric imperative have to be at the centre of all digital innovation, which contains: full implementation of all possible new technologies, well designed physicians preparation, improved organisational systems using new digital instruments, openness of all partners of healthcare for innovative solutions.

– Health technologies and tools are vital for public health and contributed to a large extent to the important improvements achieved in the quality of life, health and care of people, in the EU. It is thus a key strategic challenge to design, develop, deliver and implement suitable, trustable, safe, and cost-effective tools and technologies for health and care, taking due account of the needs of people with disabilities and the aging society. These include artificial intelligence, big data, quantum technology, cloud and other digital technologies, offering significant improvements over existing ones, as well as stimulating a competitive and sustainable health-related industry that creates high-value jobs. The European health-related industry is one of the critical economic sectors in the EU, accounting for 3% of GDP and 1.5 million employees.

* zakres i udział w programie

– The Specific Programme’s actions should be used to reinforce, widen and extend the Union’s scientific and technological base, tackle major global societal challenges, increase the Union’s knowledge and industrial leadership,  as well as address market failures or sub-optimal investment situations, in a proportionate manner, safeguarding clear European added value from R&I investments, without duplicating or crowding out private financing.

– widening participation in the Programme, including underrepresented EU Member States and EU R&I institutions

– Legal entities need to be established in those EU Members States, which are ranked below 70% of the EU27 average of the composite indicator on Research Excellence implemented under Horizon 2020 in order to be eligible to submit proposals as coordinators under ‚spreading excellence and widening participation’. The countries identified with this criterion are called ‚eligible countries’ in the context of ‚spreading excellence and widening participation’.

– Reducing disparities in research and innovation performance by sharing knowledge and expertise across the EU and by widening participation in the Programme will help both countries and regions that are lagging behind in terms of research and innovation performance to attain a competitive position in the global value chains and the Union to fully benefit from R&I potential of all Member States.  including the EU outermost regions,. Activities may also be established to foster brain circulation right across ERA and better exploitation of existing (and possibly jointly managed EU programmes) research infrastructures in the targeted countries through mobility and collaboration of researchers and innovators and setting new R&I networks and initiatives on the base of those infrastructures

– The ‘Spreading Excellence and widening participation’ priority will support the Horizon Europe specific objectives: Spread and connect excellence across the EU and widen participation in the Programme, including underperforming Member States; Reinforce the creation of high quality knowledge; Increase cross-sectorial, cross-disciplinary cross-border cooperation and boost creation of the new R&I activities and networks, involving widening eligible countries and excellent ‘newcomers’ from EU Member States and associated countries; Support ‘Science and citizens’ activities  All actions should encourage synergies with other national and EU funds, particularly with ERDF, Cohesion Policy and ESF+, in line with regional research and innovation smart specialisation strategies and operational programmes.

– all clusters under the pillar ‚Global Challenges and European Industrial Competitiveness’, MSCA, research infrastructures, support to research and innovation ecosystems, spreading excellence and widening participation, reforming and enhancing the European R&I System, in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 12(4);

– For each mission, a mission board may be established for co-designing and steering implementation. It shall be composed of around 15 high level individuals including relevant end-users’ representatives. The mission board shall include, inter alia, representatives from academia, research and technology organisations, industry of all sizes, territorial authorities, and relevant end-users’ representatives and civil society organisations. The members of the mission board shall be appointed by the Commission, following an independent and transparent procedure for their selection, including an open call for expressions of interest.

– In addition, in order to ensure synergies and more widely spread excellence, the Seal of Excellence label will continue to be applied to calls under MSCA; the conditions under which researchers perform must be further improved throughout the European Research Area (ERA), including addressing the remuneration gap among researchers from different EU Members States involved in the EU R&I Framework Programmes’ projects. In this respect, stronger links are needed notably with the European Education Area (EEdA), the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), and European Social Fund (ESF+).

– Missions shall be implemented through collaborative calls for proposals within the work programmes of the relevant clusters. Calls for proposals shall allow for projects of all research, technological and societal readiness levels.

– The EIC will be responsible into two instruments, the Pathfinder and the Accelerator, as described in Annex I of this Decision. Both instruments shall aim to develop new iterative innovation patterns capable of supporting research-driven innovation in a systemic way.

– Past framework programmes have made a significant contribution towards the more efficient and effective use of national infrastructures and towards the removal of barriers for use by all areas of European research through trans-national access, as well as developed with the European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures (ESFRI) a coherent and strategy-led approach to policy making on pan-European research infrastructures. This strategic approach has generated clear advantages, including reducing duplication of effort with more efficient overall use of resources, as well as standardising and harmonising processes and procedures. Creating new excellent R&I networks on the base of research infrastructures founded by the EU seems to be a natural challenge for Horizon Europe.

* infrastruktura badawcza

– “Excellence for EU infrastructures”, to support creation new excellent research and innovation networks or new centres of excellence on the base of research infrastructures financed from ERDF in ‘spreading excellence and widening participation’ eligible countries, to boost new R&I cooperation patterns across Europe and involve those infrastructures in excellent collaborative projects, aiming synergies between national and regional R&I strategies and the Programme.

– In 2007-2013 the European Union invested over 11,6 billion euro from ERDF in research infrastructures, around 5,9 bn euro was invested in post-2004 EU Member States. Additional budget for this purpose was dedicated also in 2014-2020 perspective. Those milestone investments should contribute significantly to achieving EU R&I objectives, developing and spreading scientific excellence and boosting new R&I pan-European cooperation patterns.

– EIC Challenges, i.e. inducement prizes, to help develop new breakthrough innovations, bring in new actors and develop new R&I communities and networks. EIC recognition prizes will include iCapital, the Social Innovation Inducement Prize, and the Women Innovators’ Prize.29 The design and implementation of these prizes will linked with other parts of the programme, including missions and the EIT to ensure complementarity and avoid duplications. Opportunities for cooperation with organisations (such as enterprises, universities, research organisations, business accelerators, charities and foundations) will be explored. The budget dedicated for the prizes founded from different parts of Horizon Europe cannot exceed 1% of the Programme’s financial envelope.