Opening Science to Society
15 November 2016
“Responsible Research and Innovation means for me an ambitious challenge for the creation of a research and innovation policy… driven by the needs of society and engaging all partners”.
Purpose of the event:
- To allow policy-makers and other stakeholders (at European and national level) to interact with the vast amount of new work developed by the SwafS programme in the last years.
- To raise awareness and highlight the importance of supporting RRI as the means to bring science closer to the European people and to stimulate the public and different stakeholders to become producers and co-creators of ideas and services, thus better aligning research and innovation to the values, needs and expectations of society.
- To make a collective reflection and stimulate thinking on the challenges ahead for SwafS programme to be able to tackle the Open Science needs and developments, especially beyond Horizon 2020.
- To offer networking opportunities among SwafS stakeholders and policy-makers, with the aim of allowing a better connection between the policy and research world.
SWARF and RRI principles – how to explain it? How to use the booklet done by the Commission and our draft report on Open Science Cloud.
What does it mean – Open Science, in the light of Open Innovation and Open Society (what is the vehicle of innovation – from education, via business, science to the end users…)
Research and innovation as a response to the societal expectations, needs….. Communication: to bridge the gap between the society and science community.
What kind of challenges we have in Europe – when we want to make the science much more effective, consuming all advantages of the Digital Revolution, and this aim at users….
How can we define the new model of relations among the industry, the Academia, the users?
How important is to share the scientific information? Openness as a key: for the societies, for the research area (scientists) – what kind of role – in this context – can play the European Open Science Cloud? / the conditions for this cloud/
What does it mean – the collaborative science? Science and. Society – European level, but: key for national levels!!! To tackle geographical balance in Europe, and to establish the global solutions….
How to define the new challenges related to the responsibility: ethical issues (robotics – new challenges at the medical area, genetic issues), privacy protection (analytical opportunities, also by using personal data) etc.
Why we need to raise the awareness of the responsibility of the research and innovation? For participation (crowdsourcing, citizens participation, citizens science), for involvement of all possible stakeholders, for partnership.
– Responsible research, open access, Science 2.0 and citizen science are just a few recent concepts, which are becoming increasingly relevant not only in the context of EU programmes, but may also influence the way science is funded at the national level in the future;
– From the Internet and mobile phones, to climate change and new cancer treatments, science and technology has the potential to transform our lives. But it also creates new risks and new ethical dilemmas.
– Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) aims to bring these issues into the open, to anticipate the consequences and directions of research and innovation, and involve society in discussing how science and technology can help create the kind of world and future we want
– In Europe, nowadays we need to be determined to bridge the gap between the science community and society;
– According to the work programme, the aim of SWAFS is to build an effective cooperation between science and society, to recruit new talents for science and to pair scientific excellence with social awareness and responsibility. For the first time in the history of EU programmes, research and innovation to society’s benefit and activities bridging the gap between science and society have been positioned prominently.
– We should care about a community of people who are active in new vision of scientific and social development, including researchers, policy makers, representatives from civil society organisations, education and industry, to develop and implement the concept of RRI further and provide a base for research, sharing and training on these issues;
– After ten years of action at EU level to develop and promote the role of science in society, at least one thing is very clear: we can only find the right answers to the challenges we face by involving as many stakeholders as possible in the research and innovation process. Research and innovation must respond to the needs and ambitions of society, reflect its values, and be responsible.
– Digitalisation is affecting all parts of society, not only impacting on the conduct of research but constantly transforming and offering opportunities to open science up to participation by more societal actors. Terms like open access, open data, transparency and collaboration are widely discussed in the scientific community as well as in politics;
– Focus should be giving on aims to identify the principles, opportunities and problems of sharing and disclosing scientific information and asks how scientific information should be managed to support innovative and productive research that reflects public values;
– New modes of communication allow citizens to examine scientific information at the click of a mouse, and scientists to communicate in more efficient ways than ever before. Citizens increasingly want to interrogate scientific findings that have the potential for major impacts on their lives
– In the last decades, new ways of research have been implemented, referred to as crowdsourcing, citizen participation, citizen science, public participation and volunteered information;
** what we want and need to achieve with RRI approaches?
- Better social challenge responsiveness we need to encourage a shift in practices, a better environment and conducive research and innovation policies. In particular, to foster institutional change towards increased responsiveness of research and innovation towards societal challenges,
- Tackling geographical unbalance Across Europe, and between different actor groups, there is an uneven distribution of the awareness and relevance of making research and innovation more responsible. The most advanced countries in realising this ambition are in the North and the West of Europe–namely, the UK, the Netherlands and Scandinavia. There, national policies are already well established, for example, within research councils. So we should support for networking activities to exchange experiences in Eastern and Southern European countries,
- RRI globalisation – RRI will remain isolated in Europe–and possibly the United States…Policy and funder efforts in China, India, and South Africa to achieve “inclusive innovation” through innovating for and with others regions need to be taken into account.
– Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) implies that societal actors (researchers, citizens, policy makers, business, third sector organisations, etc.) work together during the whole research and innovation process in order to better align both the process and its outcomes with the values, needs and expectations of society.
– In practice, RRI is implemented as a package that includes multi-actor and public engagement in research and innovation, enabling easier access to scientific results, the take up of gender and ethics in the research and innovation content and process, and formal and informal science education.
– RRI actions will be promoted via ‘Science with and for Society’ (SWAFS) objective via:
- actions on thematic elements of RRI (public engagement, open access, gender, ethics, science education), and
- via integrated actions that for example promote institutional change, to foster the uptake of the RRI approach by stakeholders and institutions.
Estimated budget for programm: 2016 –55mln euro, 2017 –60mln euro
– The Horizon 2020 Specific Programme describes the aim of ‘Science with and for Society’ (SWAFS) as follows: “The aim is to build effective cooperation between science and society, to recruit new talent for science and to pair scientific excellence with social awareness and responsibility”
– it indicates that the focus will be on 8 specific activities lines: attractiveness of scientific careers, gender equality, integration of citizens’ interests and values in research and innovation (R&I), formal and informal science education, accessibility and use of research results, governance for the advancement of responsible research and innovation and promotion of an ethics framework for research and innovation, anticipation of potential environmental, health and safety impacts, and improved knowledge on science communication.
– There is a regime shift in the evolution of science and of its interactions with society for a number of reasons. Some of them have been identified namely: societal changes in European and global societies (e.g. new forms of urban and rural lifestyles, new consumption and mobility patterns, new and more diverse family settings), globalisation and trade, productivity developments, and pressure on natural resources.